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  14 March 2017   
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Chemical Sciences

Separation of nuclear isomers for cancer therapeutic radionuclides based on nuclear decay after-effects


R. Bhardwaj, A. van der Meer, S. K. Das et al.


177Lu has sprung as a promising radionuclide for targeted therapy. The low soft tissue penetration of its β emission results in very efficient energy deposition in small-size …


Correlating Oxygen Evolution Catalysts Activity and Electronic Structure by a High-Throughput Investigation of Ni1-y-zFeyCrzOx


Christoph Schwanke, Helge Sören Stein, Lifei Xi et al.


High-throughput characterization by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and electrochemical characterization is used to establish a correlation between electronic structure …


Efficient Photocatalytic Bilirubin Removal over the Biocompatible Core/Shell P25/g-C3N4 Heterojunctions with Metal-free Exposed Surfaces under Moderate Green Light Irradiation


Shifei Kang, Hengfei Qin, Lu Zhang et al.


Highly-monodispersed g-C3N4/TiO2 hybrids with a core/shell structure were synthesized from a simple room temperature impregnation method, in which g-C3N4 was coated through …


Formation of novel transition metal hydride complexes with ninefold hydrogen coordination


Shigeyuki Takagi, Yuki Iijima, Toyoto Sato et al.


Ninefold coordination of hydrogen is very rare, and has been observed in two different hydride complexes comprising rhenium and technetium. Herein, based on a …


A Novel Microwave-Induced Plasma Ionization Source for Ion Mobility Spectrometry


Jianxiong Dai, Zhongjun Zhao, Gaoling Liang et al.


This work demonstrates the application of a novel microwave induced plasma ionization (MIPI) source to ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). The MIPI source, called Surfatron, is …


Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Selected Emerging Brominated Flame Retardants in Foods


Surong Lv, Yumin Niu, Jing Zhang et al.


Emerging brominated flame retardants (eBFRs) other than polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and their derivatives in foods have been in focus …


Identification of the Beer Component Hordenine as Food-Derived Dopamine D2 Receptor Agonist by Virtual Screening a 3D Compound Database


Thomas Sommer, Harald Hübner, Ahmed El Kerdawy et al.


The dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) is involved in food reward and compulsive food intake. The present study developed a virtual screening (VS) method to identify food components, …


An innovative application of time-domain spectroscopy on localized surface plasmon resonance sensing


Meng-Chi Li, Ying-Feng Chang, Huai-Yi Wang et al.


White-light scanning interferometry (WLSI) is often used to study the surface profiles and properties of thin films because the strength of the technique lies in its ability to …


Formulation for Oral Delivery of Lactoferrin Based on Bovine Serum Albumin and Tannic Acid Multilayer Microcapsules


Ece Kilic, Marina V. Novoselova, Su Hui Lim et al.


Lactoferrin (Lf) has considerable potential as a functional ingredient in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. However, the bioavailability of Lf is limited as it is …


Fabrication of Porous Ag/TiO2/Au Coatings with Excellent Multipactor Suppression


Duoduo Wu, Jianzhong Ma, Yan Bao et al.


Porous Ag/TiO2/Au coatings with excellent multipactor suppression were prepared by fabrication of porous Ag surface through two-step wet chemical etching, synthesis of TiO2


Soft plasma electrolysis with complex ions for optimizing electrochemical performance


Muhammad Prisla Kamil, Mosab Kaseem, Young Gun Ko


Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) was a promising surface treatment for light metals to tailor an oxide layer with excellent properties. However, porous coating structure was …


Surface Crystallization of a MgO/Y2O3/SiO2/Al2O3/ZrO2 Glass: Growth of an Oriented β-Y2Si2O7 Layer and Epitaxial ZrO2


Wolfgang Wisniewski, Sabrina Seidel, Christian Patzig et al.


The crystallization behavior of a glass with the composition 54.7 SiO2·10.9 Al2O3·15.0 MgO·3.4 ZrO2·16.0 Y2O3 is studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron …


Portable Infrared Laser Spectroscopy for On-site Mycotoxin Analysis


Markus Sieger, Gregor Kos, Michael Sulyok et al.


Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of fungi that spoil food, and severely impact human health (e.g., causing cancer). Therefore, the rapid determination of mycotoxin …


Spatial control of chirality in supramolecular aggregates


Maria A. Castriciano, Denis Gentili, Andrea Romeo et al.


Chirality is one of the most intriguing properties of matter related to a molecule’s lack of mirror symmetry. The transmission of chirality from the molecular level up to the …


Ultrasensitive colorimetric detection of circulating tumor DNA using hybridization chain reaction and the pivot of triplex DNA


Ruimin Li, Li Zou, Yanwei Luo et al.


This work presents an amplified colorimetric biosensor for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), which associates the hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification with G-Quadruplex …


Separation of Oligosaccharides from Lotus Seeds via Medium-pressure Liquid Chromatography Coupled with ELSD and DAD


Xu Lu, Zhichang Zheng, Song Miao et al.


Lotus seeds were identified by the Ministry of Public Health of China as both food and medicine. One general function of lotus seeds is to improve intestinal health. However, to …


Fluorescence and Magnetic Resonance Dual-Modality Imaging-Guided Photothermal and Photodynamic Dual-Therapy with Magnetic Porphyrin-Metal Organic Framework Nanocomposites


Hui Zhang, Yu-Hao Li, Yang Chen et al.


Phototherapy shows some unique advantages in clinical application, such as remote controllability, improved selectivity, and low bio-toxicity, than chemotherapy. In order to …


Stabilization of Two Radicals with One Metal: A Stepwise Coupling Model for Copper-Catalyzed Radical–Radical Cross-Coupling


Xiaotian Qi, Lei Zhu, Ruopeng Bai et al.


Transition metal-catalyzed radical–radical cross-coupling reactions provide innovative methods for C–C and C–heteroatom bond construction. A theoretical study was performed to …


Controlling self-assembly of diphenylalanine peptides at high pH using heterocyclic capping groups


Adam D. Martin, Jonathan P. Wojciechowski, Andrew B. Robinson et al.


Using small angle neutron scattering (SANS), it is shown that the existence of pre-assembled structures at high pH for a capped diphenylalanine hydrogel is controlled by the …


All Biomass and UV Protective Composite Composed of Compatibilized Lignin and Poly (Lactic-acid)


Youngjun Kim, Jonghwan Suhr, Hee-Won Seo et al.


Utilization of carbon-neutral biomass became increasingly important due to a desperate need for carbon reduction in the issue of global warming in light of replacing …


Superior Adsorption and Regenerable Dye Adsorbent Based on Flower-Like Molybdenum Disulfide Nanostructure


Sancan Han, Kerui Liu, Linfeng Hu et al.


Herein we report superior dye-adsorption performance for flower-like nanostructure composed of two dimensional (2D) MoS2 nanosheets by a facile hydrothermal method, more …


Standoff Detection of Uranium and its Isotopes by Femtosecond Filament Laser Ablation Molecular Isotopic Spectrometry


Kyle C. Hartig, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Igor Jovanovic


The ability to perform not only elementally but also isotopically sensitive detection and analysis at standoff distances is impor-tant for remote sensing applications in diverse …


Co3O4 nanoparticles anchored on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide as a multifunctional catalyst for H2O2 reduction, oxygen reduction and evolution reaction


Tingting Zhang, Chuansheng He, Fengzhan Sun et al.


This study describes a facile and effective route to synthesize hybrid material consisting of Co3O4 nanoparticles anchored on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (Co3O4/N-rGO) …


Non-destructive monitoring of mouse embryo development and its qualitative evaluation at the molecular level using Raman spectroscopy


Mika Ishigaki, Kosuke Hashimoto, Hidetoshi Sato et al.


Current research focuses on embryonic development and quality not only by considering fundamental biology, but also by aiming to improve assisted reproduction technologies, such …


Fabrication of Hierarchical Layer-by-Layer Assembled Diamond-based Core-Shell Nanocomposites as Highly Efficient Dye Absorbents for Wastewater Treatment


Xinna Zhao, Kai Ma, Tifeng Jiao et al.


The effective chemical modification and self-assembly of diamond-based hierarchical composite materials are of key importance for a broad range of diamond applications. Herein, …


Effective Construction of High-quality Iron Oxy-hydroxides and Co-doped Iron Oxy-hydroxides Nanostructures: Towards the Promising Oxygen Evolution Reaction Application


Xinyu Zhang, Li An, Jie Yin et al.


Rational design of high efficient and low cost electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) plays an important role in water splitting. Herein, a general gelatin-assisted …


An optimized microfabricated platform for the optical generation and detection of hyperpolarized 129Xe


Daniel J. Kennedy, Scott J. Seltzer, Ricardo Jiménez-Martínez et al.


Low thermal-equilibrium nuclear spin polarizations and the need for sophisticated instrumentation render conventional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and imaging …


Unusual seeding mechanism for enhanced performance in solid-phase magnetic extraction of Rare Earth Elements


Elizabeth Polido Legaria, Joao Rocha, Cheuk-Wai Tai et al.


Due to the increasing demand of Rare Earth Elements (REE or RE), new and more efficient techniques for their extraction are necessary, suitable for both mining and recycling …


Mineral Surface Chemistry and Nanoparticle-aggregation Control Membrane Self-Assembly


Nita Sahai, Hussein Kaddour, Punam Dalai et al.


The self-assembly of lipid bilayer membranes to enclose functional biomolecules, thus defining a “protocell,” was a seminal moment in the emergence of life on Earth and likely …


Complexation of Manganese with Glutarimidedioxime: Implication for Extraction Uranium from Seawater


Xiang Xie, Yin Tian, Zhen Qin et al.


The molecule of glutaroimidedioxime, a cyclic imidedioxime moiety that can form during the synthesis of the poly(amidoxime)sorbent and is reputedly responsible for the extraction …


Laser-Accelerated Proton Beams as Diagnostics for Cultural Heritage


M. Barberio, S. Veltri, M. Scisciò et al.


This paper introduces the first use of laser-generated proton beams as diagnostic for materials of interest in the domain of Cultural Heritage. Using laser-accelerated protons, …


Actual fusion efficiency in the lipid mixing assay - Comparison between nanodiscs and liposomes


Claire François-Martin, Frédéric Pincet


Lipid exchange occurs between membranes during fusion or active lipid transfer. These processes are necessary in vivo for the homeostasis of the cell at the level of the …


Hydrogen peroxide in deep waters from the Mediterranean Sea, South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans


Mark J. Hopwood, Insa Rapp, Christian Schlosser et al.


Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is present ubiquitously in marine surface waters where it is a reactive intermediate in the cycling of many trace elements. Photochemical processes are …

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