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Nature Geoscience


May 2018 Volume 11, Issue 5

News & Views
Review Articles
Amendments & Corrections

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Pervasive plastic    p291


No progress on diversity in 40 years    pp292 - 295
Rachel E. Bernard & Emily H. G. Cooperdock

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News & Views

Agroforestry in the Sahel    pp296 - 297
Niall P. Hanan

Convene to combat gender bias    p297
Heike Langenberg

Valuable snapshots of deep time    pp298 - 299
Emma U. Hammarlund

Push from the Pacific    pp299 - 300
Samuel L. Jaccard & Eric D. Galbraith

Training machines in Earthly ways    pp301 - 302
Chris Marone

Swimming in sewage    p303
Kimberley Kanani Bitterwolf

Arctic streams in murky waters    p304
Catherine L. Docherty

Gravitational pulse of an earthquake    p305
James Tuttle Keane

JOBS of the week
Scientist or Technical Scientist at DCOP, JAMSTEC
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
Associate Professor / Professor in Biodiversity Genomics
The University of Western Australia (UWA)
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Review Articles

A post-Cassini view of Titan’s methane-based hydrologic cycle    pp306 - 313
Alexander G. Hayes, Ralph D. Lorenz & Jonathan I. Lunine

The Cassini mission revealed the complex workings of Titan’s methane-based hydrologic cycle over a range of timescales, providing a potential window into the future of Earth and its water cycle.

Environmental and social footprints of international trade    pp314 - 321
Thomas Wiedmann & Manfred Lenzen

Indicators of environmental and social footprints of international trade must inform assessments of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals, suggests a synthesis of studies on the geospatial separation of consumption and production.


Efficient cooling of rocky planets by intrusive magmatism    pp322 - 327
Diogo L. Lourenço, Antoine B. Rozel, Taras Gerya & Paul J. Tackley

Rocky planets dominated by intrusive magmatism can cool more efficiently than those dominated by extrusive volcanism, according to numerical simulations of mantle convection.

Reduction of tree cover in West African woodlands and promotion in semi-arid farmlands    pp328 - 333
Martin Brandt, Kjeld Rasmussen, Pierre Hiernaux, Stefanie Herrmann, Compton J. Tucker et al.

Farmland management promotes tree cover around villages in the semi-arid Sahel of West Africa, according to analyses of satellite imagery. This implies that a higher population density does not always lead to reduced tree cover.

Microbial decomposition of marine dissolved organic matter in cool oceanic crust    pp334 - 339
Sunita R. Shah Walter, Ulrike Jaekel, Helena Osterholz, Andrew T. Fisher, Julie A. Huber et al.

Microbe-mediated oxidation may account for at least 5% of the global dissolved organic carbon loss from the deep ocean, according to carbon isotope analyses on cool crustal fluids circulating through the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Deglacial upwelling, productivity and CO2 outgassing in the North Pacific Ocean    pp340 - 344
William R. Gray, James W. B. Rae, Robert C. J. Wills, Amelia E. Shevenell, Ben Taylor et al.

The upwelling of carbon- and nutrient-rich waters in the subpolar North Pacific during the Bølling–Allerød supported high productivity and CO2 outgassing, as well as contributing to regional hypoxia, marine sediment analyses suggest.

Oxygenation of the Mesoproterozoic ocean and the evolution of complex eukaryotes    pp345 - 350
Kan Zhang, Xiangkun Zhu, Rachel A. Wood, Yao Shi, Zhaofu Gao et al.

The oxygenation of deeper continental shelf waters during the Mesoproterozoic coincided with the appearance of multicellular eukaryotes, according to geochemical and sedimentological analyses of the Yanliao Basin, China.

Repeated drainage from megathrusts during episodic slow slip    pp351 - 356
Junichi Nakajima & Naoki Uchida

Slow slip events may cause fluids to drain from the plate boundary into the overlying plate at subduction zones, according to seismic analyses of events recorded in Kanto, Japan.

Earth's oldest stable crust in the Pilbara Craton formed by cyclic gravitational overturns    pp357 - 361
Daniel Wiemer, Christoph E. Schrank, David T. Murphy, Lana Wenham & Charlotte M. Allen

The oldest stable crust on Earth may have formed during pulsed growth cycles, according to geochemical analyses of rocks preserved in the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia.

Indian Ocean floor deformation induced by the Reunion plume rather than the Tibetan Plateau    pp362 - 366
G. Iaffaldano, D. R. Davies & C. DeMets

Deformation of the Indian Ocean floor over the past 8 million years was caused by a change in plate motions linked to flow of the Reunion mantle plume, according to analyses of forces upon plates.

Migrating pattern of deformation prior to the Tohoku-Oki earthquake revealed by GRACE data    pp367 - 373
Isabelle Panet, Sylvain Bonvalot, Clément Narteau, Dominique Remy & Jean-Michel Lemoine

Deformation migrated from depth towards the surface in the months leading up to the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, according to analyses of satellite gravity data.

Amendments & Corrections

Publisher Correction: Western US volcanism due to intruding oceanic mantle driven by ancient Farallon slabs    p374
Quan Zhou, Lijun Liu & Jiashun Hu

Publisher Correction: Puzzling features of western Mediterranean tectonics explained by slab dragging    p374
Wim Spakman, Maria V. Chertova, Arie. P. van den Berg & Douwe J. J. van Hinsbergen

Publisher Correction: Corrugated megathrust revealed offshore from Costa Rica    p375
Joel H. Edwards, Jared W. Kluesner, Eli A. Silver, Emily E. Brodsky, Daniel S. Brothers et al.

Publisher Correction: ArXives of Earth science    p375

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