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July 2018 Volume 11, Issue 7

News & Views
Review Articles
Amendments & Corrections

Publishing online monthly, Nature Astronomy aims to bring together astronomers, astrophysicists and planetary scientists. In addition to the latest advances in research, we offer Comment and Opinion pieces on topical subjects of relevance to our community, including the societal impact of astronomy and updates on telescopes and space missions. 



Globalized geoscience    p457


Future winters glimpsed in the Alps    pp458 - 460
Markus Stoffel & Christophe Corona

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News & Views

Constraining ocean transport    pp461 - 462
Andrew Lenton

Iron from ice    p462
Mark Hopwood

Unsettled earthquake nucleation    pp463 - 464
Joan Gomberg

A changeable day in the life of Venus    p465
James Tuttle Keane

Embracing an uncertain future    p466
Anna Merrifield

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Review Articles

Drivers and mechanisms of ocean deoxygenation    pp467 - 473
Andreas Oschlies, Peter Brandt, Lothar Stramma & Sunke Schmidtko

Ocean oxygen loss in a warming world is strongly affected by biogeochemical processes that are not fully accounted for in ocean models, suggests a literature synthesis.

Palaeoclimate constraints on the impact of 2 °C anthropogenic warming and beyond    pp474 - 485
Hubertus Fischer, Katrin J. Meissner, Alan C. Mix, Nerilie J. Abram, Jacqueline Austermann et al.

A review of Earth system changes associated with past warmer climates provides constraints on the environmental changes that could occur under warming of 2 °C or more over pre-industrial temperatures.


Atmospheric mountain wave generation on Venus and its influence on the solid planet’s rotation rate    pp487 - 491
T. Navarro, G. Schubert & S. Lebonnois

Atmospheric simulations of Venus show that gravity waves generated in the afternoon over mountains can influence the planet’s rotation rate and explain a planetary-scale perturbation of the Venusian atmosphere observed by the Akatsuki spacecraft.

Reduced air–sea CO2 exchange in the Atlantic Ocean due to biological surfactants    pp492 - 496
Ryan Pereira, Ian Ashton, Bita Sabbaghzadeh, Jamie D. Shutler et al.

Biologically produced surfactants in the sea surface microlayer reduce air–sea exchange of CO2 in the North Atlantic Ocean, according to tank and ocean measurements.

A global analysis of terrestrial plant litter dynamics in non-perennial waterways    pp497 - 503
T. Datry, A. Foulquier, R. Corti, D. von Schiller, K. Tockner et al.

Rewetting of plant litter accumulated in dry riverbeds releases pulses of CO2, reveals a global analysis of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams.

Revision of global carbon fluxes based on a reassessment of oceanic and riverine carbon transport    pp504 - 509
L. Resplandy, R. F. Keeling, C. Rödenbeck, B. B. Stephens, S. Khatiwala et al.

Terrestrial carbon sources in the Southern Hemisphere and sinks in the Northern Hemisphere may be smaller than thought, according to a recalculation that accounts for the oceanic redistribution of carbon.

Improved efficiency of the biological pump as a trigger for the Late Ordovician glaciation    pp510 - 514
Jiaheng Shen, Ann Pearson, Gregory A. Henkes, Yi Ge Zhang, Kefan Chen et al.

Enhanced algal productivity during the Late Ordovician may have led to carbon drawdown and the inception of the Hirnantian glaciation, according to sediment geochemistry and carbon cycle modelling.

Reactivation of ancient Antarctic rift zones by intraplate seismicity    pp515 - 519
Amanda C. Lough, Douglas A. Wiens & Andrew Nyblade

Earthquake activity in East Antarctica is similar to that of other stable cratons, according to analyses of seismic data. Thus, the weight of the overlying Antarctic polar ice sheet does not suppress seismicity, as was previously thought.

Thermal effects of pyroxenites on mantle melting below mid-ocean ridges    pp520 - 525
Daniele Brunelli, Anna Cipriani & Enrico Bonatti

Pyroxenite—recycled, subducted material—beneath mid-ocean ridges cools the mantle, suppressing melt extraction and crust formation, according to geochemical analyses of samples taken from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Archaean continental spreading inferred from seismic images of the Yilgarn Craton    pp526 - 530
Andrew J. Calvert & Michael P. Doublier

Seismic images of giant crustal-collapse structures preserved in the Yilgarn Craton, Australia, reveal that these structures may have formed over 2.5 billion years ago when the cores of continents were hot and weak.

Nucleation of the 1999 Izmit earthquake by a triggered cascade of foreshocks    pp531 - 535
William L. Ellsworth & Fatih Bulut

The magnitude 7.6 Izmit earthquake that struck Turkey in 1999 was nucleated by an eastward-migrating cascade of foreshocks, according to high-resolution analyses of seismic data.

Earthquake nucleation and fault slip complexity in the lower crust of central Alaska    pp536 - 541
Carl Tape, Stephen Holtkamp, Vipul Silwal, Jessica Hawthorne, Yoshihiro Kaneko et al.

A strike-slip fault zone in central Alaska exhibits a range of earthquake slip processes, including very-low-frequency earthquakes, some of which transition into regular, fast earthquakes.

Amendments & Corrections

Author Correction: The global volume and distribution of modern groundwater    p542
Tom Gleeson, Kevin M. Befus, Scott Jasechko, Elco Luijendijk & M. Bayani Cardenas

Author Correction: A global analysis of terrestrial plant litter dynamics in non-perennial waterways    p542
T. Datry, A. Foulquier, R. Corti, D. von Schiller, K. Tockner et al.

Author Correction: Reduced air–sea CO2 exchange in the Atlantic Ocean due to biological surfactants    p542
Ryan Pereira, Ian Ashton, Bita Sabbaghzadeh, Jamie D. Shutler & Robert C. Upstill-Goddard

Author Correction: A spatially resolved estimate of High Mountain Asia glacier mass balances from 2000 to 2016    p543
Fanny Brun, Etienne Berthier, Patrick Wagnon, Andreas Kääb & Désirée Treichler

Publisher Correction: Modification of the Western Gondwana craton by plume–lithosphere interaction    p544
Jiashun Hu, Lijun Liu, Manuele Faccenda, Quan Zhou, Karen M. Fischer et al.

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