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Nature Geoscience


August 2018 Volume 11, Issue 8

News & Views
Amendments & Corrections

2018 longlist - see the full line up

The nominations for the 2018 Nature Research Awards for Inspiring Science and Innovating Science are in.

See who's been long listed here >

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Publishing online monthly, Nature Astronomy aims to bring together astronomers, astrophysicists and planetary scientists. In addition to the latest advances in research, we offer Comment and Opinion pieces on topical subjects of relevance to our community, including the societal impact of astronomy and updates on telescopes and space missions. 



Waste not, want not    p545

News & Views

Countdown to 1.5 °C warming    pp546 - 547
Katarzyna B. Tokarska

New light on black carbon    pp547 - 548
Lars J. Tranvik

Intercepted by lichens    pp548 - 549
Hubert H. G. Savenije

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Structural decline in China’s CO2 emissions through transitions in industry and energy systems    pp551 - 555
Dabo Guan, Jing Meng, David M. Reiner, Ning Zhang, Yuli Shan et al.

The decline in China’s CO2 emissions in the past few years is largely due to changes in industrial structure and a decline in the share of coal for energy production, according to a quantitative analysis of the drivers of CO2 emissions.

Highland cropland expansion and forest loss in Southeast Asia in the twenty-first century    pp556 - 562
Zhenzhong Zeng, Lyndon Estes, Alan D. Ziegler, Anping Chen, Timothy Searchinger et al.

Cultivated areas have expanded at the expense of forests, including primary and protected forests, in Southeast Asian highlands, according to an analysis of satellite imagery of the region.

Significant contribution of non-vascular vegetation to global rainfall interception    pp563 - 567
Philipp Porada, John T. Van Stan II & Axel Kleidon

Non-vascular vegetation, such as mosses and lichens, can intercept and evaporate substantial amounts of precipitation at a global scale, suggest numerical simulations and comparisons to field observations.

Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2 °C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks    pp568 - 573
Edward Comyn-Platt, Garry Hayman, Chris Huntingford, Sarah E. Chadburn, Eleanor J. Burke et al.

Climate feedbacks associated with wetland methane emissions and permafrost-thaw carbon release substantially reduce available carbon budgets to achieve temperature targets, suggest simulations with a climate–land-surface model system.

Current level and rate of warming determine emissions budgets under ambitious mitigation    pp574 - 579
Nicholas J. Leach, Richard J. Millar, Karsten Haustein, Stuart Jenkins, Euan Graham et al.

A combination of the level and rate of human-induced warming allows estimation of remaining emission budgets to peak warming across a broad range of scenarios, suggests an analysis of emissions budgets expressed in terms of CO2-forcing-equivalent emissions.

Major secondary aerosol formation in southern African open biomass burning plumes    pp580 - 583
Ville Vakkari, Johan P. Beukes, Miikka Dal Maso, Mika Aurela, Miroslav Josipovic et al.

A substantial amount of secondary aerosols form within hours of biomass burning in southern African savannah and grassland fires, according to analyses of 5.5 years of continuous field measurements.

Global-scale evidence for the refractory nature of riverine black carbon    pp584 - 588
Alysha I. Coppola, Daniel B. Wiedemeier, Valier Galy, Negar Haghipour, Ulrich M. Hanke et al.

Particulate black carbon in rivers can have ages of up to 17,000 14C years before it is sequestered in the oceans, according to an inventory of particulate black carbon in 18 rivers across the globe.

Links among warming, carbon and microbial dynamics mediated by soil mineral weathering    pp589 - 593
S. Doetterl, A. A. Berhe, C. Arnold, S. Bodé, P. Fiener et al.

Soil weathering, rather than short-term warming, controls microbial community composition, nutrient availability and soil carbon content, according to observations from a 3-Myr-old soil chronosequence preserved in river terraces in California.

Gulf Stream rings as a source of iron to the North Atlantic subtropical gyre    pp594 - 598
Tim M. Conway, Jaime B. Palter & Gregory F. de Souza

Gulf Stream rings may carry substantial amounts of iron to the North Atlantic subtropical gyre, according to measurements of iron concentrations in a ring and satellite data on ring activity.

Deglacial floods in the Beaufort Sea preceded Younger Dryas cooling    pp599 - 604
L. D. Keigwin, S. Klotsko, N. Zhao, B. Reilly, L. Giosan et al.

A 700-year-long flood of glacial meltwater, ice and sediment from the Mackenzie River preceded the freshening of the Beaufort Sea prior to the Younger Dryas climate event, according to sediment analyses.

Continental break-up of the South China Sea stalled by far-field compression    pp605 - 609
Laetitia Le Pourhiet, Nicolas Chamot-Rooke, Matthias Delescluse, Dave A. May, Louise Watremez et al.

Tectonic loading in the direction of propagation exerts an important control on the propagation of continental break-up, according to three-dimensional simulations of the South China Sea.

Episodic creep events on the San Andreas Fault caused by pore pressure variations    pp610 - 614
Mostafa Khoshmanesh & Manoochehr Shirzaei

Slow-slip events on the central San Andreas Fault are localized creep bursts that aseismically rupture isolated fault compartments, according to analyses of satellite deformation data.

Amendments & Corrections

Author Correction: Earthquake nucleation and fault slip complexity in the lower crust of central Alaska    p615
Carl Tape, Stephen Holtkamp, Vipul Silwal, Jessica Hawthorne, Yoshihiro Kaneko et al.

Author Correction: Palaeoclimate constraints on the impact of 2 °C anthropogenic warming and beyond    p615
Hubertus Fischer, Katrin J. Meissner, Alan C. Mix, Nerilie J. Abram, Jacqueline Austermann et al.

Publisher Correction: Response of Pacific-sector Antarctic ice shelves to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation    p615
F. S. Paolo, L. Padman, H. A. Fricker, S. Adusumilli, S. Howard et al.

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